Theodor Seuss Geisel who is especially known as Dr. Seuss was born on 2nd March 1904, in

Springfield a city in western Massachusetts. He was a writer and cartoonist who published over

60 books and among all his books, the first children’s book that he published was “And to Think

That I Saw it on Mulberry Street” in 1937.

When Geisel was 18 years old, he left his home and joined Dartmouth College. He later became

an editor in that college and wrote a magazine named “Jack-O-Lantern”. After completing his

graduation from Dartmouth College and joining the University of Oxford in England, he

planned to become a professor, but in 1927 he dropped out of Oxford.



After coming back to America, Geisel planned to work as a cartoonist to create various cartoon

characters. He published many of his articles and illustrations in different magazines including

“Life and Vanity Fair.” The first cartoon that he published was on July 16, 1927, in the magazine

“The Saturday Evening Post” where he first used the pen name “Seuss” due to which he moved

from Springfield to New York City.

Later Geisel worked in the advertising department of Standard Oil Company for 15 years.

During that time, Viking Press, an American publishing country offered him a specific job to

illustrate a book for children’s collection called Boners.

At the beginning of the Second World War, Geisel started creating political cartoons and

publishing them in liberal publication magazines. In 1942, Geisel provided his service with Frank

Capra’s military branch was known as Signal Corps where he made animated films and had drawn

propaganda posters for the Treasury Department and the War Production Board.

After the end of the war, Geisel move to California and continued his work on children’s books.

In 1954 Geisel met William Ellsworth Spaulding who was a director of the education division at

Houghton Mifflin. There he wrote a book for the first-grade students, one of his famous books

is “The Cat in the Hat” that he wrote for the children where he put a lot of effort to make it

perfect along with drawing imaginary cartoon characters.


When Geisel was studying at the University of Oxford, he met Helen Palmer there. He later got

married to her in 1927 and returned to the United States. After spending few years with

Helen Palmer, Geisel started having affair with his old friend Audrey Stone Diamond and due to

which Helen felt distressed and suffered from cancer disease. She could not bear this feeling

and later committed suicide. Geisel then married Audrey Stone Diamond who was a film

producer and was very famous due to her work on filming


Geisel wrote many books including vocabulary books, children’s books, and some other books

related to politics and World War II. He used to write 8 hours a day and he had published more

than 6 0 books. His famous books are the below:


In 1957 Geisel published a book “The Cat in the Hat”, where this book tells about a naughty cat

who entertains two bored children on a rainy day.


Geisel wrote published another book in 1957 that is “How the Grinch Stole Christmas!” This

the book tells about a scrooge who wants to ruin Christmas day by stealing the Christmas gifts and

the home decorations near the town of Whoville but later came to understand that Christmas is

not only about money and presents but its holiday has more worth than these.


The Lorax is another children’s book that Dr. Seuss published in 1971 which includes a story

about the danger of the destruction of the natural environment where Lorax stands up and

speaks to the trees and takes actions against the once-ler who created the environmental



The book “Green Eggs and Ham” was published by Dr. Seuss in 1960, and this book was sold

with 8 million copies around the world. The story begins with a character Sam-I-Am who offers

a person a plate of green eggs and ham, but the person refuses to take the green eggs by saying

“I don’t like green eggs and ham.” After that, Sam still tries to follow him and asks him to take

the eggs and eat them from different points such as a house, box, car, tree, train, etc.

Later, the character accepts his offer and gets the eggs and ham, and says “I liked the green

eggs and ham, Thank you Sam-I-Am.”


Theodor Seuss Geisel published his first children’s book “And to Think That I Saw it on Mulberry

Street” in 1937 under the pen name “Dr. Seuss”. The story is fantastic and imaginative in

nature, it begins with a boy named Marco, who tells about a group of imaginary people and

vehicles moving along the road at Mulberry Street. He wanted to tell his dream to his father on

his walk but later when he arrives home he decided that instead of telling his father about the dream he saw a simple horse and wagon


Although, Dr. Seuss has published many of his books for the children and designed many

cartoon characters. But in some of his books, contains racist and unethical imagery including

the books such as “And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street” and “If Ran the Zoo”. In these

books, the characters are drawn in a way that is wrong and mischievous. Dr. Seuss enterprises

give their statement to the associated press on the same day of Dr. Seuss’s birthday:

“Ceasing sales of these books is only part of our commitment and our broader plan to ensure

Dr. Seuss Enterprises’ catalog represents and supports all communities and families”

In many libraries in the United States, the books have been withdrawn and these books may

cause some sort of negative impact on the minds of young children. Deborah Caldwell Stone

who is the head of the American Library Association’s Office said that the libraries hardly use

Dr. Seuss’s books when someone finds them to be racist or hurtful. She further said “Shelf

space is precious and librarians do periodically cull the book collections and remove some titles.

But they usually do so because no one is asking for that book anymore.”

In 2018, a large painting containing Asian Stereotypes was removed from the D r. Seuss museum

in Springfield. In 2012, one of Dr. Seuss’s books “Babar’s Travels” was removed from the

shelves of a British library because it contains the stereotypes of Africans.


On March 2, people and kids all around the United States celebrate Dr. Seuss’s birthday with

treats, fun crafts, and other different activities. Many families and kids decorate their homes

with ribbons and images of the cartoon characters created by Dr. Seuss. Some families visit Dr.

Seuss’s birthplace in their vacations and eat colorful snacks associated with the snacks eaten by

the cartoon characters in Dr. Seuss’s books, such as the colorful fruits and vegetables, vegetable

oil, and pipette as shown in Cat in the Hat book and using candy melts, marshmallow, straw,

and colored sugar to create beautiful marshmallow Truffula Trees from D r. Seuss’s book “The


The children motivated by Dr. Seuss’s poems also try to write the lyrics and poems in the lyrical

style of Dr. Seuss on his birthday as his poems encourage them to follow this exercise.

All the libraries around the country greatly celebrate Dr. Seuss’s birthday and participate in the

nationwide celebration.


Geisel was died on 24th September 1991 due to cancer illness in California. Four years after his

death the library buildings of the University of California and San Diego’s University were

renamed as “Geisel’s Library” in his honor and for the contributions, he made there. In his

hometown, Springfield, Massachusetts, Dr. Seuss’s National Memorial Sculpture Garden was

opened where it displays the sculpture of Geisel and many of his cartoon characters.


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